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[texts]Myten om kunskapshungern - Inger Bierschenk
This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control...
Keywords: competence; quality; materials directedness; evaluation research
Downloads: 7
[texts]The Referential Reality of Sweden: A Topological Approach to the Consciousness of High and Low Achievers - Bernhard Bierschenk
The focus is on the degree of consciousness of oneâs own familiar surroundings by high and low achieving students of a technical Gymnasium in the City of Malmö, southern Sweden. Consciousness and its scientific foundation have been in the centre of interest in a series of experiments on the perspectivation of model-typical and proto-typical environments. The present experiment has been designed for continuation of this line...
Keywords: modeltypic environments; prototypic environment; MANOVA; order of achievement; cluster analysis; homorhesic; hysteresic path
Downloads: 17
[texts]An Excursion into the Ecological Coordinates of Language Space - Inger Bierschenk
This article should be regarded as a position paper, which outlines an ecological theory of language. The paper makes the analogy between the physical and mental growth of a human being and the rhythmic movement of writing and textual development. Thus text building is conceived of as a process developing into a structural whole. This process is inherent in the language mechanism. The paper describes the way this mechanism operates to form a structural whole out of the natural distortions in the...
Keywords: text; development; text flow; intentionality; ecology; language; wholeness; demarcation; restriction; transformation; convergence
Downloads: 18
[texts]The Synthetic Approach to Competence - Bernhard Bierschenk
In the study of competence at least two approaches can be discerned. One favours the assumption of a hereditary basis. Following this tradition, it is asserted that competence develops on the basis of an inbom capacity of performing means-ends analyses. Thus, cognitive endowment determines what kind of scholastic and occupational tasks become mastered. The other line of research assumes that cultura1 factors operate and that the impact of schooling effects competence the way is becomes visible t...
Keywords: competece; mobility; global attractors; schooling effects
Downloads: 17
[texts]Degrees of Consciousness in the Communication of Action and Events on the Visual Cliff - Bernhard Bierschenk
This article has its focus on the consciousness of dizygotic twins in their communication of actions and events as perceived on the visual cliff In the process of communication many different state spaces are generated. From a methodological point of view, it is demonstrated that the ecological and biophysical properties of language produce unique morphological profiles. Based on experimental data, collected from a male and a female pair, kinetic and kinematic invariants have been extracted...
Keywords: natural periods; AaO formula; dyzygotic twins; visual cliff; pictures; narration; becoming; textual agent; textual objective; ESS; effect size; text mass; text length; text flows; holotop; holophor
Downloads: 22
[texts]The Fundamentals of Perspective Text Analysis (Original Edition). - Bernhard Bierschenk
The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producerâs text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitising activity has been focused u...
Keywords: AaO system; expression; proposition; text building; behaviour; agent; scale factor; operative space; energy flow; periodical system; energies; information flow; timing; spacing
Downloads: 29
[texts]Concept Formulation: Part III. Analysis of Mentality - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
This is the third article of a series of three about concept formulation. It presents an analysis of the mentality of a free and unrestricted interview. The article starts with an illustration of the way in which an algorithmic analysis of natural language production has been carried out. Especially the functioning of the algorithm in differentiating objectives from the perspective is emphasised. By means of the agent function, meaningful conceptual relations can be unambiguously and automatical...
Keywords: interview; differentiation; objectives; boundaries; affinity relation; topographic description
Downloads: 23
[texts]An Experimental Approach to the Functional Analysis of Text Building Behaviour: Part I. The Verbal Flow - Bernhard Bierschenk
This presentation is based on a method for analysing the verbal flow in text building behaviour. This method is called Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). It locates and makes use of the discontinuities in produced text. Its task is to characterise the mechanism that governs language production and to foster an understanding of the actual processes of movement in language. The study of this phenomenon is founded on the experimental conditions provided by the famous Visual Cliff...
Keywords: phase; dependency; textual agent; linkage mechanism; energy; quantities; AaO coupling; linear relation; regression; pressure
Downloads: 36
[texts]Steering mechanisms for knowability - Bernhard Bierschenk
The foundations of knowledge by tradition have been treated analytically and knowledge has been characterized as a theoretical subject. This article introduces a steering mechanism as the prerequisite for a study of knowledge work and mainte-nance on empirical grounds. Knowledge is treated synthetically, that is, as something that exists only through the individualâs cooperation with its environment, which implies that criteria can be formulated for the isolation of knowledge processes...
Keywords: synthetic model; knowledge process; theory construction; measuring; cognitive function; self-reference
Downloads: 30
[texts]Concept Formulation: Part I. The Phenomenon of Cognition - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
A common way of looking at cognition builds on the generation and representation of knowledge based on syntactic models. Above all, in connection with computer applications, it is proposed that the syntactic models are of significance for research on language and cognition. In the representation of a cognitive phenomenon, language plays the central role. Therefore, a contrasting discussion of the basic assumptions of both syntactic and paradigmatic models is the starting point of a method develo...
Keywords: system; living; nonliving; logic; calculation; vision; semantics; AI; discovery; modelling; instrumentation; level; representation
Downloads: 36
[texts]The Discontinuity of Human Existence: Part II. The General and the Specific Theories of Discontinuity - Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
This is the second article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fun¬damental discontinuities of human existence. In part I: The Fundamental Concepts of Human Existence and the Relation between the Singular and the Super Singular, it was concluded, among other things, that the theories analysed had a number of fundamental concepts of development in common: canalisation that encompasses transference of something from one to another, correlation that encompasses recipr...
Keywords: self-reference; AaO system; discontinuity; human; existence; discursive strings
Downloads: 35
[texts]Remarks on the Status of Inference in the Area of Knowledge Representation - Christopher Habel
The concept of inference is one of the global concepts used for the explanation of cognitive processes. There exist mainly two types of characterisation: the logical and the psychological. These different characterisations are based on the difference between inference and rule of inference. Information processing systems can be formalised as inferential systems, i.e. systems with inferential processes...
Keywords: proposition; logical form; inference; time restriction
Downloads: 17
[texts]Towards a Flow Field Model of Language Processing - Inger Bierschenk
The basic idea behind this presentation is that text can only be analysed with reference to somebody or something being its source. This means that there must be a person speaking or writing the text, some perspective by which it is produced, and a speaking or writing mechanism that transports linguistic form and organization into structural information, i.e. text. In principle, there is nothing new in this statement...
Keywords: perspective; language models; control; writing mechanism; structural information
Downloads: 22
[texts]The Topological Scaling of Consciousness: The World in the Perspective of Economists and Technologists - Bernhard Bierschenk
The article presents an analysis in which intentionality is the key concept in the measurement and representation of consciousness. It is shown that a psychological approach based on the animal mechanism out of which behavioural semantics has developed is wrong. By studying the local and global singularities it was possible to show that efficient transaction with the environment rests on the theoretical formulations that assume the cooperative interaction of a conscious organism with the environ...
Keywords: collectivity; consciousness; narratives; topological representation; cubic space
Downloads: 58
[texts]Con-Scious Measurement and Representation of Knowing - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
The classical hypothesis underlying measurement and representation of natural phenomena is based on the analytic proposition. The traditional assumption is that stimulus - response pairs can be studied with respect to intensity or power and resistence to change. In contrast, the Schema hypothesis advanced, assumes the synthetic proposition as the foundation of an approach that observes dynamics and invariance under change as essential...
Keywords: schema; synthesis; algorithm; agent control; ecology; topographic
Downloads: 33
[texts]Intereuropäische Ausbildung - Bernhard Bierschenk
Societies oriented towards the development of high technology, like the Western World, are not only dependent on an unrestricted information flow, but demand more and more investments in education. Therefore, a new and deepening interest in the factors for possible conditions seems to appear in the public. One of the dominating hypotheses is that cultural conditions determine the basic presupposition for the development of competence and professional mobility...
Keywords: workers; mobility; competence; cultural context
Downloads: 20
[texts]Simulating Strategies of Interactive Behaviour - Bernhard Bierschenk
Effective communication is of crucial importance for the development of effective social organisations. Deficient communication combined with rapid technological and social changes appears to lead to both ecological and psychological imbalance. An increasing number of environmental groups are working for ecological improvements, but young people seem to find it increasingly difficult to master the task of developing an integrated personality...
Keywords: behaviour patterns; behaviour change; television; simulation; teacher education; personality development
Downloads: 37
[texts]A Cognitive Economics Approach to Information Management - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
This article presents a study in cognitive economics. It originates from a survey of mechanics carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The verbal response of seven US and seven Swedish mechanics to three open questions concerning information needs were analysed with Perspective Text Analysis. Only configurations building on significant groupings, which do not fall below the lower limit of t.90 of the t-distribution, are retained in the analysis...
Keywords: cognitve; economics; structure; dimensionality; workers; multinational; industry
Downloads: 23
[texts]The Measurement of Perspective Change through Textual Movement Patterns - Bernhard Bierschenk
An entirely new approach to the study of text building behaviour is possible through the application of Scanator. The present article consists of a demonstration of some of its fundamental functions. These are suitable in a study of text building. The basic concepts, expressed through an analysis of a small part of an interview text, derive from a thermodynamic treatment of text building. Through Scanator, a number of qualitatively distinctive phases at the kinetic level of processing are made e...
Keywords: viscosity; elasticity; AaO machine; natural group; kinetic process; kinematic level; pressure; force; pattern formation; pendular movement; link; joint; steady state
Downloads: 18
[texts]Språket som Bärare av Medvetande - Inger Bierschenk
The purpose of the discussion in this introductory chapter is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The fundamental component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text...
Keywords: cognition; AaO system; intention; morality; agent; control; mentality
Downloads: 38
[texts]Main Principles for Perspective Text Analysis via the PC-system PERTEX - Helge Helmersson
The principles for Perspective Text Analysis has been implemented into the PC-system PERTEX. The analysis starts from normal text and ends up in a topological representation of the mentality the text presents. The text material is processed by the following main steps: (1) Coding of function words by means of a special dictionary, (2) design and coding of blocks according to the AaO-paradigm, (3) supplementation of A- and O-dummies, (4) generation of A/O-matrixes, (5) cluster analysis based on g...
Keywords: pertex; PC-system; coding; multilingual; syntax control
Downloads: 24
[texts]Den dolda storheten i Dvärgen - Inger Bierschenk
This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is generally assumed that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince...
Keywords: duality; mentality; Perspective Text Analysis (PTA); holophors; language space; perspective transformation; fiction; The Dwarf; Pär Lagerkvist
Downloads: 9
[texts]The Pendular Movement of Text Building - Inger Bierschenk
Classical theories of language concern the establishment of constituents with the purpose of describing the organisation of text within the framework of classical mechanics. The novelty in the approach presented in this article lies in a multiple dynamic pendular system that enforces a strict regime on text building behaviour. The working of this mechanism is demonstrated by means of twenty model typical examples...
Keywords: conflict; categories; texture; model; structure; time; text; perspective; array
Downloads: 23
[texts]Stability and Change in the Development of Knowledge - Bernhard Bierschenk
This contribution is about an entirely new approach to the study of knowledge. As an introductory remark, the classical research operations in the field of cognition are reviewed. Against this background, an application of David Hestenes theory of rotational dynamics is demonstrated with particular reference to text processing. Based on the mechanism of joints and links of the AaO machine, angular displacements and the control of textual movement patterns are topologically presented...
Keywords: AaO system; angular displacement; textual movement; topology
Downloads: 36
[texts]A Statement on Metaphoric Sentences - Nicoletta Caramelli
This paper aims at pointing out the differing interpretations of metaphoric sentences’ comprehension as developed in the recent psycholinguistic literature. The inadequacies of the psycholinguistic theories of language processing which rests on the assumption according to which language is the expression of a relatively autonomous cognitive activity are highlighted in the interpretation of metaphors as anomalous sentences...
Keywords: cognition; sentence; structure; comprehension; perception
Downloads: 30
[texts]The Split Between Meaning and Being - Bernhard Bierschenk
The discussion in this article takes its point of departure in the generally accepted position of cognition-oriented scientists that intelligent behaviour requires an organism/formalism, which can abstract information from the environment. By examining some operationalised schema models the author shows to what extent these have been capable of explaining the development of behaviourally meaningful cognitive functions...
Keywords: organism; formalism; cognitive functions; schema model; progressive behaviour; autonomous observer; operation space; projection mechanism; binocular disparity
Downloads: 21
[texts]Prepositioners verkningssätt i modeller för språkbehandling - Inger Bierschenk
This seminar paper contains a short principled discussion of the use of prepositions in the interaction of language with information science models. The point of departure is the problems of ambiguity identified in various computer-based approaches to the specification of information. The paper ends up in a proposal for ecological thinking in text analyses where the concept of action range should have the cue function...
Keywords: preposition; cognition; element; information; organization; language; ecology
Downloads: 49
[texts]Behavioural Semantics: A Comparison between Topologic and Algebraic Scaling in the Measurement of Human Dignity - Bernhard Bierschenk
This article is concerned primarily with the problem of measuring quality and/or quantity of psychological phenomena. Its purpose is to identify and examine the critical problem of qualifying a syntactic correct indicative statement. The exposition is based on the premise that both humanistic and behaviouristic oriented psychologists have agreed upon the necessity of the analytical proposition as foundation of all scientific inquiry...
Keywords: subject-object; distinction; categorical judgement; behavioural referents; response alternatives; cluster; one-dimensional space; topological surface
Downloads: 22
[texts]Menneskets moralske straeben som grundlag for en arbejdsmotivationsmodel - Conrad Ottesen
The subject of this presentation is work motivation. The starting point is taken in a critique of the theory of motivation as it has been developed since the beginning of the 19th century and a certain kind of making the human factor to a constant in the production of services.  The try-outs, which have been undertaken against this background can be characterised as more or less successful; with the experimentation it has not been possible to achieve with any of the aims...
Keywords: motivation; moral action; legitimacy; work obligation
Downloads: 34
[texts]Intended Predication - Inger Bierschenk
The basic argument of this article is that the predicate, in its profane sense, has a realistic ground. A discussion of realism in language analysis is made on the basis of a reconstruction of the paradigmatic functions intended in the Objective component. By introducing the Subject component as the governing factor for analysing predications, the author schematically demonstrates the "ecologically significant" double binding between the objects of the predicate.
Keywords: realism; language; objective; AaO paradigm; linguistics; representation; figure; ground; cooperation
Downloads: 19
[texts]Simulation of Action-Event Cooperation: Emergence of Knowing - Bernhard Bierschenk
A graphical expression or display has to depict crucial structural qualities of thought in such a way that a person can capture its intention by extracting higher order components. These are assumed to be shapeless and formless. The present article gives a demonstration of what is meant by an experimental manipulation of the Function factor as well as of the outcome when both the Type and the Function factor are allowed to co-vary...
Keywords: type; function; belief; behaviour; condition; psycho-physics; reduction; deduction; cycles; paranoia
Downloads: 17
[texts]The Cult of Understanding - Bernhard Bierschenk
In this article, understanding is discussed with reference to an Agent-action-Objective model. The formalism developed controls the processes of differentiation and integration underlying understanding. The starting point is a culturally agreed-on expectancy or prescription, which defines a particular form of understanding. Central to an investigation of how scientists model understanding is how they conceive symbols...
Keywords: self-reference; prediction; state change; classification
Downloads: 38
[texts]Mentality: Measurement and Representation - Bernhard Bierschenk
The scientific treatment of the concept of consciousness is multifarious. This has caused a number of different approaches. The present article gives some introductory account of the research on consciousness. However, the main hypothesis advanced is based on the premise that consciousness emerges from the cooperative interaction of multiple agents and agencies within naturally produced text. By means of Perspective Text Analysis it is demonstrated that the Kantian schema provides the necessary ...
Keywords: consciousness; subjective; Bell-Magendie; separation; psychophysical model; cybernetics; sensori-motor; association; double helix; language; AaO configuration
Downloads: 37
[texts]The Schema Axiom as Foundation of a Theory for Measurement and Rrepresentation of Consciousness - Bernhard Bierschenk
For the first time in the history of psychological and educational measurement the Kantian schema has been applied to natural language expression in a rigorous and precise way. The crucial novelty of the approach concerns the way in which the Kantian schema interrelates the analytic with the synthetic mode in the construction of the presented formalism. The main thesis advanced is based on the premise that the synthetic in contrast to the analytic proposition plays the central role in the measur...
Keywords: measuring; change; Kant; AaO system; expression; consciousness; carrier; language; dance; language; bees; ecological invariants; intention; orientation; visual cliff; transformation; algorithmic processing; dynamic linkage; cluster
Downloads: 31
[texts]Svensk Civilreligion med Två Ansikten: Palme och Ärkebiskoparna - Pétur Pétursson
Since the 1960's there has been increasing understanding and cooperation between the religious and the political spheres in Sweden, notably between the Church of Sweden and the Social-democratic Party. Both have been occupied with issues outside their traditional national and confessional boundaries. The question is whether and to what extent this has resulted in a “civil religion of the Swedish society” which unites the Church and secular politics in their striving for justice and peace in ...
Keywords: cognition; AaO system; religion; politics; ideology; strategy
Downloads: 60
[texts]Perception and Judgement of Life Quality across Projected Societies - Bernhard Bierschenk
The focus of the presentation is on the individual’s comprehension of “citizenship”. Study and analysis of citizenship concerns a person’s co-operative interaction with various physical and social surroundings as well as the cognitive integration of these surroundings. A person can achieve this integration through development of his abilities of judgement. Thus the aim is to make apparent the kinds of judgement that have been manifested on the basis of three different sequences of episod...
Keywords: citizenship; projection; future; cognitive integration
Downloads: 17
[texts]Animal Terms in Children’s Metaphors - Nicoletta Caramelli & Angela Montanari
This research aims at showing that children shift their interpretation of the same metaphor according to the social role respectively of the speaker and the addressee of the sentence, to the degree of lexicalisation of the metaphor, and to their age. We chose the simplest type of metaphorical sentence, i. e., the ‘nominal’ one in the form 'X is a B', where X was a proper name and be an animal term...
Keywords: cognition; metaphor; story; perception; statistics
Downloads: 24
[texts]Mentality for Mission in Christianity: A Tutorial in the Analysis of a Curriculum Vitae - Curt Dahlgren
During the 1800's interest in Christian foreign missions was established and flourished in Sweden. Several mission organisations were founded for the purpose of disseminating knowledge about the countries in which missionary activity was to be carried out. This was done in part to raise funding to support increased missionary activity and in part to recruit new candidates for the mission field. Missionary publications were one means of achieving this goal...
Keywords: AaO system; missionary; training; Christianity; recruitment; religion; growth
Downloads: 29
[texts]Analisi Geometrica di Testo: Manuale per il PTA /Vertex - Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
The essence of the present work is based on the Kantian(AaO)-axiom. As a scientific method in its true sense, the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA) represents an alternative approach to text-based studies. The inter-lingual character of Vertex has been tested and established in the context of six different languages, four belonging to the German family and two to the Roman family. The actual presentation concerns the Italian version...
Keywords: Functional text geometry; perspective text analysis (PTA); Kantian AaO-axiom; language space; flow dynamics; fusion dynamics; magnitudes; potential energy surfaces; free energy surfaces; energy landscapes; Italian
Downloads: 11
[texts]The Visual Cliff Transformed: A Factor-analytic Definition - Bernhard Bierschenk
The problem investigated in this study was formulated against the background of the theory of affordances as it was tested with the famous âVisual Cliffâ experiment. The present study is based on the assumption that the perceiver can detect transformational as well as structural invariants not only in the context of the classical âVisual Cliffâ experiments but also when their basic assumptions are transformed into the social realm...
Keywords: ecological perception; optical texture; narratives; principal component; varimax rotation; taxonomic approach; content analytic approach; intersubjectivity; two-factor solution
Downloads: 45
[texts]The Spirit of Human Enterprise: A Multivariate Approach to a Study of Projected Social Organisations - Bernhard Bierschenk
The goal of the study presented in this paper is based on the idea that James Gibson proposed a radical and productive ecological approach not only to the study of perception but also to conception. The present experiment is an attempt to generalise Gibsonâs approach to understanding peoplesâ perception and conception of their social and cultural environment. The experiment has been designed within a multivariate experimental frame and was carried out with 160 lower division university student...
Keywords: observer; environment; involvement; representation; function; Latin-square; discriminant function
Downloads: 27
[texts]Structural Variations in Verbally Reported Objectives - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
The study reported shows the implications of incorporating the autonomous observer into the experimental range. Subjects have verbally described pictorially mediated information, and their determination of the action centre of the observations has been made the basis for clustering ecologically significant objectives. It is demonstrated that objectives, conceptually divided into the subcomponents Figures and Grounds, are structured differently both in relation to each other and in relation to th...
Keywords: autonomy; observer; figure; ground; picture; mediated information; reference point; geometric formalism
Downloads: 18
[texts]The Controlling Function of the Agent in the Analysis of Question-Response Relationships - Inger Bierschenk
In contrast to traditional linguistic analysis, a model based on the empirical Agent is put forward and tested. A text is regarded as an intentionally produced cognitive process. The analysis has to take the Agent (perspective) into account in order for an adequate processing of its Objectives (viewpoints) to come about. Moreover, the model is surface-oriented and assumes the cognitive relevance of an utterance to be defined by the dynamics of the text production and not by artificial semantic c...
Keywords: multinational; industry; linguistic context; intention; AaO paradigm; integration; coherence
Downloads: 44
[texts]The Discontinuity of Human Existence: Part III. Perspective Text Analysis. A Methodological Approach to the Study of Competence - Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
This is the last article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. In the first article: The fundamental concepts of human existence and the relation between the singular and the super-singular, it is shown, among other things, that a number of classic theories have three fundamental concepts of development in common: canalization that encompasses transference of something from one another, correlation that encompasses recipro...
Keywords: self-reference; AaO system; human; existence; discontinuity; perspectivation
Downloads: 34
[texts]The Schematism of Natural Language - Inger Bierschenk
Language processing can hardly be discussed without a statement of the fundamentals on which the instrumentation rests. The models and their operationalisation express the linguist's starting-points, more or less conscious, when he faces the phenomenon of language. A commonly accepted position in linguistics is that language is a set of culturally transmitted conventions. The language describing these conventions is called a linguistic model when it forms some systematics...
Keywords: agent function; Kantian schema; AaO-model; perspective control; empirical validity
Downloads: 41
[texts]The Ecological Approach to Diagnosis of Service Information Behaviour - Bernhard Bierschenk
This paper presents a new approach to analysing verbal behaviour. Underlying this approach is a subject-governed model, which means that a text producer (agent) is the reference point in coding. The study through which the method is exemplified originates from a survey of mechanics carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The results illustrate how workers in various cultural contexts value information of relevance to their job performance...
Keywords: workers; cultural context; subjective consciousness
Downloads: 10
[texts]The Correspondence between an Evolving Mental Space and Text Production - Inger Bierschenk
A main line of thought in modernistic prose concerns the efforts of transforming scientific concepts into literary forms. This paper presents a study, which formulates the hypothesis that, despite these efforts, a clear distinction should be found between the theory and mind of an author and his text producing practice. A text sample from a well-known American Nobel Prize holder has been studied by means of Perspective Text Analysis, by which the space of a text can be established and measured...
Keywords: AaO system; novel; writer; mental; functionalism; behaviourism; Hemingway
Downloads: 52
[texts]Schemabiten i diagnosen av kunskapsstrukturer - Helge Helmersson
This article presents an attempt to construct a knowledge model on the basis of' the use of a computer-based planning model. The precision and analysis of different knowledge generation processes are made with reference to the school environment. The basic unit of analysis is a “timetable unit” defined within the timetable as a number of combina­tions of subject-teacher-class-room. The timetable unit is conceptualised as a unity, while the relations between the components are used for a dia...
Keywords: frames; timetable; planning; school; computer-based
Downloads: 50
[texts]Reasons for Cooperative Structure - Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
Both ecological and conceptual environments require a ground for their observation. The ground structures an observer's perception of objects and events. It is therefore of high experimental importance that subjects are given the opportunity to verbalise freely how they perceive an environment and orient themselves in it, since in their language there will be expressed towards what kind of ground structure they operate in the perception process...
Keywords: ecology; environment; concepts; the Givens; observer-event binding; visual cliff; social setting; cultural setting; orientation; experiment
Downloads: 37
[texts]On Linguistic Formulas for Knowledge Representation - Inger Bierschenk
This paper takes up one model that has been basic for language-based computer systems. With this background, one primary computer application will be examined. The aim is to illustrate some problems in taking advantage of a theory developed in one field when constructing a linguistic representation in another.
Keywords: computational linguistics; cognitive science; phrase structure; grammar; computer understanding
Downloads: 30
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